By Karin Lorene Zipf

ISBN-10: 0807162493

ISBN-13: 9780807162491

Of the numerous effects complicated by means of the increase of the eugenics stream within the early 20th century, North Carolina forcibly sterilized greater than 2,000 girls and women in among 1929 and 1950. This severe degree displays how pseudoscience justified frequent gender, race, and sophistication discrimination within the Jim Crow South. In undesirable women at Samarcand Karin L. Zipf dissects a depressing episode in North Carolina's eugenics crusade via a close learn of the country domestic and commercial tuition in Eagle Springs, often called Samarcand Manor, and the school's notorious 1931 arson case. the folk and occasions surrounding either the establishment and the courtroom case sparked a public debate concerning the expectancies of white womanhood, the character of up to date technology and drugs, and the position of the juvenile justice method that resonated during the succeeding many years. Designed to reform and train unwed negative white women who have been suspected of deviant habit or sufferers of sexual abuse, Samarcand Manor allowed for strict disciplinary measures -- together with corporal punishment -- in an try to instill Victorian beliefs of woman purity. the tough therapy fostered a adversarial surroundings and tensions boiled over whilst numerous women set Samarcand on fireplace, destroying place of abode halls. Zipf argues that the next arson trial, which carried the potential of the demise penalty, represented a massive turning element within the public characterizations of negative white girls; aided by means of the lobbying efforts of eugenics advocates, the trial helped bring in dramatic coverage alterations, together with the pressured sterilization of girl juvenile delinquents. as well as the interaction among gender beliefs and the eugenics flow, Zipf additionally investigates the ladies who have been housed at Samarcand and people in particular charged within the 1931 trial. She explores their negotiation of Jazz Age stereotypes, their ideas of resistance, and their courting with security lawyer Nell conflict Lewis through the trial. the ensuing coverage adjustments -- intelligence checking out, sterilization, and parole -- also are explored, offering additional perception into why those younger ladies most well-liked legal to reformatories.

A attention-grabbing tale that grapples with gender bias, sexuality, technological know-how, and the justice approach all in the context of the nice Depression--era South, undesirable ladies at Samarcand makes a compelling contribution to a number of fields of study.

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Bad Girls at Samarcand: Sexuality and Sterilization in a Southern Juvenile Reformatory by Karin Lorene Zipf


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